Treatment of hypertension Circulatory System and Disease NCLEXRN Khan Academy
So the 8th Joint National Committee, or JNC8, has recently proposed some useful guidelines for when to treat patients with high blood pressure and what blood pressure you should be shooting for. So if you’re over 60 years old, treatment should be administered to try and lower your systolic blood pressure to less than 150 millimeters of mercury, and also lower a diastolic pressure to less.
Than 90 millimeters of mercury. If you’re less than 60 years old, though, it’s recommended to aim to get the blood pressure to lower than 140 millimeters of mercury on the systolic side, and again, less than 90 millimeters of mercury on the diastolic side. In addition, if you’re above 18 years old and have either a chronic kidney disease.
Or diabetes, it’s also recommended to try and get your blood pressure to lower than 140 on the systolic side and lower than 90 on the diastolic side. To hit these targets, there are various treatment regimens that might be recommended or prescribed, and firstly and very importantly, lifestyle changes might be suggested, and these will almost always.
Be used together with some sort of medication. But one suggestion is to use something called DASH, which stands for dietary approaches to stop hypertension. As the name kind of suggests, this is a dietbased lifestyle change, where we really emphasize eating foods with less sodium as well as eating whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products. Another lifestyle change, a huge, huge, huge one,.
Is to quit smoking and a bit on the same lines, alcohol consumption should really be done only in moderation. Also, exercising 30 minutes most days of the week and losing weight if already obese is generally suggested as an important lifestyle change. Now again, medications will also likely be prescribed alongside these lifestyle changes.
And there are both first line and second line medications for treating hypertension. The first line medications are often recommended as a first, or initial form of therapy because studies have shown that they are the most effective in preventing complications from hypertension, and they’re generally safe, and in most cases, pretty inexpensive.
So since your blood pressure is related to the flow, or the fluid volume in your body, right, and the resistance in the vessels, these medications will target one of these two factors. And the first are thiazide diuretics. Now these guys increase the excretion of sodium and water by the kidneys, therefore they reduce your fluid volume and so, your blood pressure.
Treating High Blood Pressure
Like millions of Americans, Emma was living with high blood pressure, and didn’t know it. There were no early warning signs or symptoms, but Emma’s heart was working overtime, putting her at risk for heart disease and stroke. Following a physical, Emma was diagnosed with high blood pressure, also called hypertension. People of all backgrounds can develop high blood pressure.
Treatments differ based on risk factors, including age and family history. But hypertension can often be controlled with healthy habits, and medication when necessary. Eating more fruits and vegetables, following a lowsalt diet, exercising regularly and quitting smoking, are often the first lines of defense to control high blood pressure. Your may prescribe one or more medications.
To help lower your blood pressure to normal. Some rid the body of extra sodium and water. Others reduce the heart rate or relax the blood vessels. Always take medications exactly as prescribed and don’t skip doses. While medications can effectively lower blood pressure when taken correctly, each type has potential side effects for some people.
You might might feel tired or have trouble sleeping. You may experience a dry cough, stuffy nose, leg cramps, frequent urination, or headaches. If you have side effects that don’t go away with time don’t just quit taking your medication. Talk with your and pharmacist as there may be other medications or different doses that can control your blood pressure and have fewer or no side effects.
Focus on the benefits. Taking your medication regularly will lower high blood pressure, and protect your brain, heart and kidneys from lifethreatening consequences, like stroke or heart attack. often the first scary signs of hypertension when left untreated. Control your blood pressure and reduce your risk by knowing your goal numbers and monitoring your blood pressure at home.
Or at your local pharmacy in between ‘s visits. How’s Franny? She just graduated from obedience school! Pharmacists play a key role in working with your physician to improve blood pressure management. We can address medication concerns and challenges. So, talk to us about your treatments and goals outlined by your .
If taking your medication feels like a chore, don’t just stop taking it. We can counsel you on working through side effects, or determine when you need to see your about possible changes in your medications. And we’ll share healthy lifestyle tips to keep you on track. Whether you monitor your blood pressure at home, or in the.