Hydrochlorothiazide is a prescription medication used to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention. Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of drugs called diuretics, also known as water pills. These help the body get rid of excess fluid. This medication comes in tablet and capsule forms. Hydrochlorothiazide is usually taken once in the morning, with or without food. Common side effects of hydrochlorothiazide include frequent urination, weakness, and dizziness. Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how hydrochlorothiazide will.
Treatment of hypertension Circulatory System and Disease NCLEXRN Khan Academy
voiceover so the 8th joint national committee, or JNC8, has recently proposed some useful guidelines for when to treat patients with high blood pressure and what blood pressure you should be shooting for. So if you’re over 60 years old, treatment should be administered to try and lower your systolic.
Blood pressure to less than 150 millimeters of mercury, and also lower a diastolic pressure to less than 90 millimeters of mercury. If you’re less than 60 years old, though, it’s recommended to aim to get the blood pressure to lower than 140 millimeters of mercury.
On the systolic side, and again, less than 90 millimeters of mercury on the diastolic side. In addition, if you’re above 18 years old and have either a chronic kidney disease or diabetes, it’s also recommended to try and get your blood pressure to lower.
Than 140 on the systolic side and lower than 90 on the diastolic side. To hit these targets, there are various treatment regimens that might be recommended or prescribed, and firstly and very importantly, lifestyle changes might be suggested, and these will almost always.
Be used together with some sort of medication. But one suggestion is to use something called DASH, which stands for dietary approaches to stop hypertension. As the name kind of suggests, this is a dietbased lifestyle change, where we really emphasize eating foods with less sodium as well as eating whole grains,.
Fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products. Another lifestyle change, a huge, huge, huge one, is to quit smoking and a bit on the same lines, alcohol consumption should really be done only in moderation. Also, exercising 30 minutes most days of the week.
And losing weight if already obese is generally suggested as an important lifestyle change. Now again, medications will also likely be prescribed alongside these lifestyle changes. And there are both first line and second line medications for treating hypertension.
The first line medications are often recommended as a first, or initial form of therapy because studies have shown that they are the most effective in preventing complications from hypertension, and they’re generally safe, and in most cases, pretty inexpensive.