Dr Sarah Jarvis talks about high blood pressure
Pretty difficult being an adult in the UK these days, you feel like you're being lectured about your health all the time the problem we got is that many of the risk factors for heart attack and stroke which are still between them the commonest killers in the UK today are preventable, but the real issue is that you don't know they're risk factors unless you have them checked out. High blood pressure is a case in point, it's one of the single biggest risk factors for stroke and for heart attack and yet your blood pressure is raised.
For years on end and you know nothing about it unless you get it checked out everybody should have their blood pressure checked least once every five years especially if they're over 40, as you get older if you have diabetes if you're older if you've had a heart attack or stroke kidney problems any other medical condition you should be getting your blood pressure checked more often. If you're concerned, it's really important to see your GP, and the main reason for that is that high blood pressure doesn't cause symptoms, you feel fine.
When you've got high blood pressure, but unfortunately by the time you have your heart attack or stroke as a result of it, and wish you'd had your blood pressure checked earlier, it could be too late. That means getting your blood pressure checked regularly, improving your lifestyle, if you are found to have high blood pressure you may be able to avoid taking tablets at all if you can cut your wait by just 10 percent, you can cut your blood pressure by a whopping 10 over five millimeters of mercury, ask your GP or nurse what that means.
That's about the same as taking a blood pressure tablet very often. If you cut the salt in your diet, if you eat a diet which is higher in fruit vegetables and lower in all those unhealthy things that are so tempting when we feeling stressed, if you exercise regularly all these things will help keep your blood pressure under good control if your blood pressure is consistently raised, your doctor is going to recommend that you take tablets. Now some of those tablets have no side effects at all for the vast majority of.
Coronary heart disease, clogged arteries and atherosclerosis
Your arteries, a system of tubes that transport blood around your body. Over time the buildup of fatty material can damage and clog arteries, restricting the blood flow. This is known as atherosclerosis and can lead to heart attacks and strokes. There are several causes including high cholesterol which can clog up your arteries over time high blood pressure which can damage areas in your artery walls, making it easier for fatty material to build up over time and smoking, where chemicals in tobacco smoke can also damage arteries leading to.
This fatty material buildup. If a fatty deposit breaks down and ruptures, a blood clot can form around it this can block your artery. If this artery supplies blood to your heart muscle, it could cause a heart attack. If this artery supplies blood your brain, it can cause a stroke. There isn't a cure for atherosclerosis but thanks to British Heart Foundation research funded by your generous donations, we are understanding more about how to treat it. The good news is that you can do something to slow down its progress and the earlier you start the better.
ESC TV 2015 Congress by Topic Hypertension
PATHWAY is a series of trials conducted by the British Hypertension Society investigating the treatment of hypertension, in PATHWAY2 314 wellcharacterized resistant hypertensive patients were randomised to receive, in a sequential manner, either spironolactone, an alpha blocker a beta blocker or a placebo, every patient took every drug for 12 weeks We saw that the best drug for most patients, almost every patient, was spironolactone, lowdose 25, 50 milligrams a day, vastly superior to placebo and highly significantly superior to the other blood pressure lowering treatments The summary of the study is that the potassiumsparing diuretic amiloride is as effective at lowering.
Blood pressure as hydrochlorothiazide but has the advantage of preventing any glucose intolerance and when the two drugs are used together we have a winwin, where all the benefits of the two drugs are amplified in lowering blood pressure and their undesirable effects are cancelled out Baroreceptor stimulation is an interesting new approach in the treatment of resistant hypertension the figures are quite good actually, but there is only a limited experience so there is not so thousands of patients, today we have about 500 patients treated with this approach but the results show that once you stimulate the baroreceptors you can have a significant decrease.
LAMP Prime Ministers of the UK
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Are Energy Drinks Really That Dangerous
Before you reach for the energy drink, you may want to reconsider. They may kill you. Hey guys, Amy with you on DNews today. Energy drinks have become common in the United States in recent years offering a quick energy boost to match a fastpaced life. And they work because they're packed with sugar, caffeine, and other stimulants, none of which are great for you in large doses. The sugar in energy drinks hits your system first, giving you a spike of energy then a crash. The crash is offset by caffeine, which stimulates the central nervous system with.
A bit of a time delay. Peak caffeination hits after about an hour, and the increased energy can last all day as it slowly wears off. It's safe to ingest about 400 mg of caffeine per day if you're a healthy adult. For perspective, a 16 ounce grande brewed coffee from Starbucks has 330mg of caffeine, a grande Americano with two shots of espresso has 225mg, a 16 ounce can of Rockstar has 160mg, and one 8.4 ounce can of Redbull has 80mg. Consuming caffeine is known to cause heart palpitations, anxiety and insomnia. It's a.
Diuretic, causing the kidneys to process extra fluid into urine leaving the body severely dehydrated. It can also become addictive meaning the body will need more to feel the stimulating effect, and the cycle continues. Where energy drinks are concerned, the effects of caffeine are amplified by stimulants. Ephedrine is a nervous system stimulant often found in these drinks. So is guarana, a South American shrub whose seeds contain more caffeine than a coffee bean. And so is taurine, an amino acid that acts as a neurotransmitter. But in moderation it's fine, right.
Well, maybe not. A study from the Mayo clinic says that even one energy drink can cause momentary health changes that could increase the risk of heart conditions over time. The study had adults abstain from caffeine and alcohol before consuming either an energy drink or a placebo. Those who drank the real thing showed a marked increase in caffeine levels, blood pressure, and norepinephrine levels, the sudden spike of which could predispose those people to cardiovascular problems down the line. We're already seeing this happening ER visits related to the high caffeine and taurine.
Levels in energy drinks have doubled in the last decade, particularly in patients between 18 and 25. Another study found a correlation between energy drinks and traumatic brain injuries in young adults. The EU Scientific Committee on Food found that increased caffeine intake brought behavioral changes including increased arousal, irritability, and nervousness. One woman in the UK actually started losing her sight because of an energy drink habit! The sugar in the drink caused her to gain weight, and at 364 pounds she developed Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Her optic nerves swelled, leading to temporary blindness.
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