High Blood Pressure Tips Treatments Calculating Resting Heart Rate
We talked about needing to figure out what your intensity of aerobic exercise will be. For beginners, you can just use the simple brisk walking technique where you are still able to carry on a conversation, but you're having a brisk breathing sensation. Another way to do it is to actually calculate your target heart rate. To do that, first you need to calculate what your resting heart rate is, so you need to get a watch with a second hand on it, or that calculates digitally, and you're going to isolate your radial artery,.
Which is here, and place your index finger on it. Don't use your thumb, because there's a pulse in your thumb, and that will confuse the sensation. You're going to place your finger on there, and count the number of beats you feel in a ten second interval. For instance if I feel ten, I'm going to multiply that by six, so I would get 60 beats in a minute. It is important to take it when you are at rest, so first thing in the morning would be best, but that would be your resting heart rate. We're going to use that to figure out.
High Blood Pressure Tips Treatments Exercising to Achieve Target Heart Rate
Hi, I'm Dr. Terranella. In this part of the tutorial, we're going to be talking about taking the patient to the target heart rate. As we said earlier the way that we calculate that intensity is 220 minus the age, minus the resting heart rate, and then you multiply your intensity. If you want 60 of the heart rate, or 70 of the heart rate.6, or.7. Then you add that on to your resting heart rate, and we already showed that calculation. Bob's going to need to jog to get up to his target heart rate. Some people won't have.
To actually jog to get to their target heart rate. His target heart rate is 126. Once he reaches that 126 level, then he will maintain that for the duration of his cardiovascular workout about twenty or thirty minutes. We're now at his target heart rate, so he would maintain that for the duration, and as we saw with the calculation, you use the 220 minus his age, minus his resting heart rate, and then multiply that by whatever intensity you want 60 or 70, and then you add his resting heart rate back on to that, and we.
How to Take Blood Pressure How to Take Blood Pressure
Okay so now we got the blood pressure cuff inflated fully. And there's no longer a pulse coming through that brachael artery. Now you want to slowly open up the dial, so that the blood pressure is, the millimeters of mercury is falling around 2 millimeters of mercury per second. And when you hear that first beat, that is your systolic pressure, and then continue deflating at 2 millimeters of mercury until you no longer hear that beat, and that is your diastolic pressure. So the systolic pressure is the pressure on top, and the diastolic.
Taking a Blood Pressure by Palpation
This is how you palpate a blood pressure. The reasons for palpating a blood pressure is primarily because you cannot hear or auscultate for a blood pressure. Sometimes in the back of a noisy ambulance this is impossible to do so this is one way we can at least get a portion of the blood pressure. The only thing this will represent though is the systolic. We will not get a diastolic during this procedure, first, locate the radial pulse. Making sure your patient is in a comfortable seated position. Expose the arm. Place this blood pressure.
Cuff again over the brachial artery. Feel for a pulse again. A radial pulse. As I pump itup I will continue to feel it. And at the point where it goes away ill add about 20 or 30 millimeters of mercury and then slowly allow the air to release. At the time the pulse returns, there, is my systolic. And I am done. This is only going to give me the top number or the systolic. And the way you will represent this on your documentation is to put whatever number the systolic is, we will say 120.
High Blood Pressure Tips Treatments Exercise for High Blood Pressure
Okay so next we want to talk about how exercise relates to blood pressure. There's some research done on how exercise can reduce blood pressure. And they found that exercise can reduce your blood pressure by as much as ten millimeters of mercury on the systolic side. And you have to continue to do that exercise in order for it to have that effect though. Once you reach that reduced blood pressure you have to maintain that other wise it will go back up. So we want to talk about, in this series, we want to talk about the kinds of exercise, the duration.
Of exercise, and the intensity of the exercise. So what kinds of exercise have this effect on blood pressure Mainly aerobic exercise. So aerobic exercise can be different things for different people, and you need to be careful when you're starting a new exercise program. But what we can say is that you should be breathing briskly. So we will get into the intensity in the next segment, but you should be doing this brisk walking, jogging, where you can still carry a conversation, but you're a little bit winded and you should be doing.
That for thirty to forty minutes, four to five times a week. And how this has its effect is it allows the arterial system to be more responsive to the changing pressures that occur with exercise. And we'll be demonstrating that a little bit later, but it's basically the arterial system has to go a little bit further and to a wider range of muscles and tissues and so the heart has to work a lot harder to get that pressure to that area. And when you're at rest, as your body accommodates to the exercise that you're doing, it's allowed.
High Blood Pressure Tips Treatments Potassium Rich Food for High Blood Pressure
Okay so now we want to talk about the potassium aspects as related to the Dash diet. What researchers also found was that using foods high in potassium actually lowered the blood pressure as well, because this was an aspect of the Dash diet. These are some fruits that are actually high in potassium. And the proposed mechanism behind how this is working is based on volume. Because the renal system, potassium is important in regulating the renal systems balance of fluids. And so what they proposed was that the diet actually replaced potassium.
For sodium, and sodium always follows water in the renal system and so when you're decreasing your sodium intake you're decreasing your retention of water. And so that was a proposed mechanism there. What I want to point out here is, again, it's not a potassium supplement, and with potassium you can actually cause serious problems by taking too much potassium. So be careful, taking fruits and vegetables in whole fruit form will not harm you. So that's a safe effective dose of potassium and don't go out and get a supplement of potassium.
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High Blood Pressure Tips Treatments Calculating Resting Heart Rate
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